Arguments against the Oxford comma

Grammar, punctuation and the Oxford comma

Example of a book title with and without the Oxford comma

I’ll come right out and say it. I hate the Oxford comma. It looks yucky. I feel like a three-year-old having a tantrum, but man, it hurts my eyes.

Will I use an Oxford comma when I’m writing for you? Yes, if you want me to.

In Australia, Canada and South Africa, the Oxford comma tends not to be used in non-academic publications unless it’s really needed to clear up ambiguity. As an Australian, that’s the approach I take. Unless my client is a diehard Oxford comma fan.

What is an Oxford comma?

Named thusly because it’s part of the Oxford University Press style guide, the Oxford comma is also known as the serial comma. Some Americans call it the Harvard comma, because, like the remake of international movies, they always have to have their own version…

It’s a comma inserted between the second-last term and the conjunction in a list of three of more items. What the?!? Maybe it’s better to give you an example.

With the Oxford comma: beer, wine, and gin
Without the Oxford comma: beer, wine and gin

Some of my favourite drinks, if you’re buying. 😉

You’ve probably seen both versions used. Or you may not have even noticed. Most likely you don’t give a hoot. I do though. Writers care about such things.

That old ambiguity chestnut

Members of Team Oxford Comma argue that it resolves ambiguity. Yes, it does. Check out these examples.

This book is dedicated to my parents, Byron and Shelley.
This book is dedicated to my parents, Byron, and Shelley.

The second sentence clarifies that my parents are not Byron and Shelley. But you could also reword the sentence.

This book is dedicated to Byron, Shelley and my parents.

You could also just use your common sense. Of course my parents aren’t Byron and Shelley. Both writers died long before I was born.

The Oxford comma can even add ambiguity.

I painted a picture of my father, a famous guitarist and Dali.
I painted a picture of my father, a famous guitarist, and Dali.

The additional comma makes it look like my father is a famous guitarist when this is actually a list of three separate people.

Reasons against the Oxford comma

  • It’s unsightly, especially in a simple list of three words
  • It takes up space. That’s why journalists tend not to use it, since article space is at a premium
  • It adds unnecessary clutter for the reader’s eyes
  • It adds as much ambiguity as it resolves

Style guide recommendations

Let’s see what the style guides have to say about the Oxford comma. After all, they know far more about grammar and punctuation that me.

Style guideOriginInto the Oxford comma?
The Australian Government Publishing Service’s Style Manual for Authors, Editors and PrintersAustraliano
The Canadian Style: A Guide to Writing and EditingCanadano
The Cambridge Guide to English UsageUKno
The Economist Style GuideUKno
Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English UsageUKsometimes
The Guardian Style GuideUKno
MHRA Style GuideUKyes
New Hart’s RulesUKsometimes
The Oxford Style ManualUKyes
The Times style manualUKno
University of Oxford Public Affairs Directorate Writing and Style GuideUKno
AAMT Book of Style for Medical TranscriptionUSAyes
AIP Style Manual, American Institute of PhysicsUSAyes
The AP StylebookUSAno
American Medical Association Manual of StyleUSAyes
Chicago Manual of StyleUSAyes
CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and PublishersUSAyes
The Elements of StyleUSAyes
Garner’s Modern English UsageUSAyes
MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly PublishingUSAyes
The New York Times StylebookUSAno
Plain English HandbookUSAyes
Publication Manual of the American Psychological AssociationUSAyes
United States Government Printing Office’s Style ManualUSAyes
Wilson Follett’s Modern American Usage: A GuideUSAyes

It looks like there’s no hard and fast rule. It’s simply a discretionary style preference. So unless I’m writing an academic piece, it’s needed to clear up ambiguity or my client prefers it, count the Oxford comma out of my writing.

Want to know more about my copywriting services? With or without the Oxford comma, the time I save you by doing your writing can be invested back into your business.

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